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FLEXO Magazine : July 2009
DESIGN Program Applications Applications used in package design are divided into three categories: Drawing Programs: Adobe Illustrator, Adobe FreeHand, Corel Draw – which create vector files. Photo Editing Programs: Adobe Photoshop, Apple Aperture, Fractal Design Painter – which create raster files. Page Layout Programs: Adobe InDesign, QuarkXPress. 1. Drawing Programs: Drawing programs create files that contain objects and, therefore, are referred to as “vector” (mathematical coordinate) files. A line is created by identifying two points and providing the instructions to connect the points with a line of particular weight and color. Shapes have more points and indicate a fill color. There is no resolution to these graphics, thereby allowing an element to be scaled up or down with no loss of detail. Furthermore, they are inherently accurate and are best for graphics with a fixed set of colors (line copy). Most drawing programs also include the ability to create gradients, vignettes, and blends. 6.0 PREFLIGHT OF FINAL DESIGN PRIOR TO RELEASE Preflight is required by FIRST. The process entails documenting, collecting and testing files prior to release to another vendor in the production process. The preflight requirement was designed to ensure all components of a design have been supplied and received as intended. The designer should keep an electronic back-up of all released files for safety. 6.1 Documenting the Design Revised Art Revised files should be renamed with a revision number or date. Do not rely on the operating system modified date because each time the file is opened the date changes. Keep the old file name the same except for the revision number or date. Images With Custom Colors The custom colors used in a placed image must have the same name as the corresponding custom colors in the final design file. This applies to images pasted in as well. Otherwise, the two colors will not output as one color separation. Many programs will now import colors from placed images into their palettes, but the artwork must then be edited in the file to use these same colors. TIP: For the placed raster file to output with the line art in the composite file, custom colors must be edited to the corresponding CMYK inks. 6.1: Images with custom colors: Custom colors used in a placed image must have the same name as the corresponding custom colors in the final design file.
Sustainable Spring 2009