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FLEXO Magazine : Sustainable Fall 2010
Manufacturers. Beiersdorf, Campbell, Colgate-Palmolive, Conagra Foods, Danone, Freudenberg, Fritolay, General Mills, GSK, Heineken, Henkel, JM Smucker, Johnson & Johnson, KAO Corporation, Kellogg, Kimberly-Clark, Kraft Foods, L’Oréal, Mars, McCormick, Nestlé, PepsiCo, Procter & Gamble, Reckitt Benckiser, Sara Lee, SC Johnson, The Coca- Cola Company, Unilever. Packaging Printers/Converters. Amcor, Arcelor Mittal Packaging, Ball Packaging, Crown Europe, Dow Chemical, Dupont, Exxon Mobil Chemical Films, Mead West Vaco, Nov- elis, Owen Illinois Inc, SCA Packaging, Sealed Air Corpora- tion, Tetrapak, Treofan Organizations. AIM, CCGD, EUROPEN, FCPC-PACC, FEVE, FPE, FMI , GMA, GS1, IGD, INCPEN, PAC, RPA, SPC, WRAP Academic/consultant support. Green Blue, Quantis, Innventia, Rochester Institute of Technology, Universities of Arkansas, Manchester, Minnesota, Special thanks go to the project co-chairs, the project steering group and individuals who have actively contributed to the report: Sonia Raja (Tesco), Roger Zellner (Kraft Foods), Nigel Bagley (Unilever), Julian Carroll (EUROPEN), Jon Dettling (Quantis), Ellen Gladders (Tesco), Rüdiger Hagedorn (The Consumer Goods Forum), Leon Hall (Walmart), Anne Johnson (SPC), Louis Lindenberg (Unilever), Lars Lundquist (Nestlé), Shanna Moore (Dupont), Katherine O’Dea (SPC), Sabine Ritter (The Consumer Goods Forum), John Shanahan (GMA), David Smith (Sobey ’s), Franz Speer (Henkel), Diane Tail- lard (GS1), Jeanne von Zastrow (FMI), Peter White (Procter & Gamble), Amy Zettlemoyer-Lazar (Walmart) The project was managed by Alain Galaski and Katrin Recke from AIM—the European Brands Association—on behalf of the Consumer Goods Forum. n ABOUT THE CONSUMER GOODS FORUM: The Consumer Goods Forum is an independent global parity-based con- sumer goods network. It brings together the CEOs and senior management of over 650 retailers, manufacturers, service providers and other stakeholders across 70 countries. The Forum was created in June 2009 by the merger of CIES - The Food Business Forum, the Global Commerce Initiative (GCI) and the Global CEO Forum. The Consumer Goods Forum is governed by its Board of Directors, which includes an equal number of manufacturer and retailer CEOs and Chairmen. Forum member companies have combined sales of €2.1 trillion ($2.8 trillion). The Forum provides a unique global platform for thought leadership, knowledge exchange and networking between retailers, manufacturers and their partners on collaborative, non-competitive issues. Its strength lies in the privileged ac- cess it offers to the key players in the sector as well as in the development and implementation of best practices along the value chain. It has a mandate from its members to develop common positions on key strategic and practical issues affecting the consumer goods business and to focus on non-competitive collaborative process improvement. With its headquarters in Paris and its regional offices in Washington, D.C . , Singapore, Tokyo and Shanghai, the Con- sumer Goods Forum serves its members throughout the world. www.flexomag.com FALL 2010 Sustainable FLEXO 13 How do I damage? The consumption of water limits the ability of the environment or human society to use this resource. In some parts of the world the overall needs for water are in good balance with the water availability in that region, and no situation of competi- tion exists. Conversely, in other regions, where water is a scarce (or relatively scarce) resource including for example parts of the U.S. and Europe, consumption of water can significantly affect other users and/or the en- vironment. Such situations of imbalance are expected to increase as a consequence of climate change, popula- tion growth and lifestyle changes. Why does it matter? Water is essential to human health and ecosystem quality. Lack of or limited access to fresh water can result in detrimental hygiene conditions, resulting in the spread of diseases, and water shortages for irrigation or ingestion, resulting in malnutrition. Simi- larly, ecosystems like wetlands, which present a consider- able plant and fauna diversity, would not be able to fulfill their ecological functions without sufficient water input. What do I have to check, take into account in my supply chain? Agriculture is by far the largest consumer of water resource. Packaging material sourced from agricul- tural feedstock might thus score higher on fresh water con- sumption, especially if they rely on irrigation. Further, waste recovery activities such as recycling might have larger water consumption scores than alternative treatments due to the need to clean the end-of-life material after collection. When do I have to use/select/consider this indica- tor? The selection of the water consumption indicator is recommended if the packaging material presents a high content of biogenic raw materials derived from agricul- tural feedstock. Water consumption may merit deeper consideration and investigation where parts of a supply chain operate in areas of water shortage or scarcity. How specific can I interpret the resulting indicator? The water consumption indicator refers to the aggregated water consumption only. This indicator does not address the local aspect of water sourcing, i .e . does not differenti- ate the impacts related to e.g. water withdrawal from a water-stressed vs. water-abundant well. An indicator of water consumption by itself is therefore not adequate to assess use of water resources from a sustainability per- spective. It should further be noted that existing inventory data is often incomplete and inconsistent in its treatment and quantification of water. The indicator should therefore be treated and interpreted with caution. How can I reduce uncertainty & evaluate the signifi- cance of an impact? A separate accounting of water use in water-stressed regions, and of water depletion, would greatly improve the significance of the indicator results. Whom to ask, where to look at? The ReCiPe hand- book contains only a generic chapter on water con- sumption. The reader is further referred to the Water Footprint Network Website (www. waterfootprint.org) for more information on the emerging water footprint meth- odologies. The UNEP-SETAC working group on water use in LCA and the ISO working group on the account- ing and impact modeling for water in LCA are recom- mended as additional information source.