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FLEXO Magazine : September 2011
× N2O emission factor (lbs CH4/kWh) / 2204.62 lbs/metric ton) × 310 GWP = CO2e Emissions (metric tons) GWP is based on CO2 to calculate the CO2e for CH4 and N2O. FORMULA APPLIED As an example, a fictitious flexo plant in Bohemia, NY wants to calculate Scope 2 of its carbon footprint for 2010. During that year the plant used 5,359,000 kWh of electricity. Ac- cording to U.S. EPA’s eGrid, NPC Long Island’s Annual Total Output Emissions rates for 2007 (most recent year available) were reported as: CO2 = 1,418.74 lb/MWh CH4 = 90.50 lb/GWh N2O = 13.10 lb/GWh CO2 Calculation: 1,418.74 lb/MWh = 1.41874 lb/kWh (5,359,000 kWh x 1.41874 lb/kWh) / (2,204.62 lbs/metric ton) = 3,448.68 metric tons CO2 CO2e from CH4 Calculation: 90.50 lb/GWh = 0.00009050 lb/kWh (5,359,000 kWh x 0.00009050 lb/kWh) / (2,204.62 lbs/metric ton) x 21 GWP = 4.62 metric tons CO2e CO2e from N2O Calculation: 13.10 lb/GWh = 0.00001310 lb/kWh (5,359,000 kWh x 0.00001310 lb/kWh) / (2,204.62 lbs/metric ton) x 310 GWP = 9.87 metric tons CO2e Total Scope 2 Emissions 3,448.68 + 4.62 + 9.87 = 3,463.17 metric tons of CO2 and CO2e These equations can be used whether a facility is reporting Scope 2 emissions for a year or breaking it down monthly. It cannot be overstated that when doing any of these calcu- lations, the sources of the emission factors must be docu- mented. Otherwise, it will be impossible to make comparisons from year-to-year or between facilities with any confidence. The fuel sources of your local utility will have a significant impact on the conversion factors and resultant total emissions for any particular location. n Editor’s Note: This multi-part series of articles, which first began appearing in August 2011, is being developed as a joint effort of the FTA Sustainability Committee. For more information, contact Doreen Monteleone, FTA director of EHS, membership & special projects at dmonteleone@ flexography.org. Information is also available at: http:// www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/energy-and-you/how-clean.html and http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/documents/egridzips/ eGRID2010V1_1 _year07_GHGOutputrates.pdf. GREEn PAckAGInG tO REAch $212 BILLIOn In 2015 World demand for green packaging is projected to rise 5.7 percent per year to $212 billion in 2015, according to World Green Packaging, a new study from The Freedonia Group, Inc. The Asia/Pacific region will see above-average gains and remain the largest regional market in the world, due to its large food and beverage industries. Central and South America, Eastern Europe, and the Africa/Mideast region will also experience above-average growth The United States, which accounted for 23 percent of global sales in 2010, is the largest national green packaging mar- ket in the world by a wide margin. Other large, generally mature markets include Japan and Germany. WORLD GREEN PACKAGING DEMAND (billion dollars) % Annual Growth Item 2005 2010 2015 2005- 2010 2010- 2015 Green Packaging Demand 128.8 160.8 211.8 4.5 5.7 North America 38.4 44.6 54.3 3.1 4.0 Western Europe 36.6 41.5 50.8 2.5 4.1 Asia/Pacific 40.6 55.8 79.1 6.5 7.2 Other Regions 13.2 18.9 27.6 7.5 7.9 © 2011 by The Freedonia Group, Inc. Editor’s Note: World Green Packaging is available for $6100 from The Freedonia Group, Inc., 767 Beta Drive, Cleveland, OH 44143-2326. For further details: www.freedoniagroup.com. 56 FLEXO sepTember 2011 www.flexography.org Rossini North America, LLC 4305 Creek Park Drive - Suwanee, GA 30024 - USA Tel. +1 (678) 482-0835 - Fax +1 (678) 482-0837 - email@example.com - www.rossini-spa.it Quality • Innovation • Service • Development • 2 independent work heads • Rigid steel machine bed with linear guides • Fully automated with adjustable speeds • Low Ra values without the need to polish • Option for bearing support system • Very easy to use with fast ROI • Guaranteed high performance cleaning • Oscillating & indexing fabric system • Integrated solvent delivery • Operates during press set-up • Eliminates press down-time • Improves press speeds & print quality Prima 200/250/300 SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED TO RE-SURFACE AND UNDERCUT RUBBER SLEEVES AND ROLLERS Clean-Up DRY MEDIA ANILOX CLEANING SYSTEM ROSSINIFLEXOEQUIPMENT Before After Evolution AUTOMATIC CLEANING SYSTEM FOR FLEXO CENTRAL IMPRESSION DRUM • Adjustable racks for varying length sleeves • Formed steel construction prevents torsion of racks • Safe sleeve positioning to prevent damage • Racks move easily when operation from either end • Modular design allows for easy expansion • No superstructure support system needed • Vertical unit utilizes less floor space • More ergonomic positioning of sleeve in machine • Accommodates variable length & dia. sleeves • Low pressure operation • Filtration & recycling of media • Multiple narrow-web sleeves cleaned simultaneously Seeu s a t Boo t h1015 / 1016 Sleeve Storage INNOVATIVE AND ADJUSTABLE SYSTEM GUARANTEED NOT TO TWIST esec-pubUSAequipment ok_Layout 1 07/03/11 18.16 Pagina 1