by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
FLEXO Magazine : Flexo Sustainable Winter 2008
www.flexomag.com WINTER 2008 Sustainable FLEXO 15 clability or compostability of the base materials. Such products are now prepared for recycling or composting within a specific system. The manufacturer should explore various strategies for fully re- cycling or composting its product, which often requires connec- tions with external partners, such as customers, retailers, recyclers, public agencies, and nonprofit organizations. Fully closing the loop on these materials requires their safe recovery and reformu- lation into new products or biodegradation into the soil. To "use current solar income," the final manufacturing process and suppliers' manufacturing should be powered by 100-per- cent renewable energy (e.g., solar, wind, hydroelectric, biomass) produced on-site, purchased from a "green" energy producer, or offset with Renewable Energy Certificates (REC). To "celebrate diversity," manufacturers and their suppliers should ensure they are using as little water as possible and ideally keeping that water within closed loops. In addition, water being released back to the environment after it is used in production should achieve the same water quality measures as it did before it was removed from the environment, to promote ecosystem and watershed health. Social responsibility should guide relationships with workers, local residents, customers, suppliers, the larger business community, the government and other stakeholders, to optimize this side of the product lifecycle. As one would expect, these improvements may not be achieved easily or quickly. Performance and cost considerations also may prevent preferred solutions from coming into use in the short term, but at least manufacturers are prepared with an ecological- ly-intelligent solution once other market conditions are met. The cradle-to-cradle goal may take a long time to completely realize for a particular product, but designers, material fabricators and manufacturers should accept the challenge, establish a trajec- tory toward this ideal, and begin to implement strategies to help them achieve it. Leveraging ecologically intelligent design within and across industries will help create materials and products that define an expanded notion of quality for the company, its stake- holders and the environment. ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Steve Bolton is manager of busi- ness development with MBDC (McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry), Charlottesville, VA. He can be reached at steve@mbdc. com or 434/295-0204, ext. 228. Cradle to CradleSM is a service mark of MBDC. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CRITERIA Criterion Description Fish Toxicity Measure of the acute toxicity to fish (both saltwater and freshwater) Daphnia Toxicity Measure of the acute toxicity to Daphnia (invertebrate aquatic organisms) Algae Toxicity Measure of the acute toxicity to aquatic plants Persistence/ Biodegradation Rate of degradation for a substance in the environment (air, soil, or water) Bioaccumulation Potential for a substance to accumulate in fatty tissue and magnify up the food chain Climatic Relevance Measure of the impact a substance has on the climate (e.g., ozone depletion, global warming) Other Any additional characteristic (e.g., soil or- ganism toxicity, WGK water classification) relevant to the overall evaluation but not included in the previous criteria HUMAN HEALTH CRITERIA Criterion Description PRIORITY CRITERIA (rated problematic if known or suspected) Carcinogenicity Potential to cause cancer Endocrine Disruption Potential to negatively effect hormone function and impact development Mutagenicity Potential to damage DNA Teratogenicity Potential to harm fetus Reproductive Toxicity Potential to negatively impact repro- ductive system ADDITIONAL CRITERIA Acute Toxicity Potential to cause harm upon initial, short-term exposure Chronic Toxicity Potential to cause harm upon re- peated, long-term exposures Irritation of Skin and Mucous Membranes Potential to irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory system Sensitization Potential to cause allergic reaction upon exposure to skin or airways Other Any additional characteristic (e.g., flammability, skin penetration po- tential) relevant to the overall evalu- ation but not included in the previ- ous criteria Criterion Description Organohalogen Content Presence of a carbon -- halogen (i.e., chlorine, bromine, or fluorine) bond Heavy Metal Content Presence of a toxic heavy metal (e.g., Antimony, Arsenic, Beryllium, Cadmium, Chromium, Cobalt, Lead, Mercury, Nickel) MATERIAL CLASS CRITERIA
FTA North American Printer Members
Flexo Sustainable Spring 2008