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FLEXO Magazine : March 2008
PLANTS & PROCESSES guards as causation. Another 7 percent are the result of inad- equate lockout. Such low causation frequency indicates past industry efforts to ensure adequate machine guarding to protect operators during production and that lockout is being used for equipment servicing. But a guard is of no value when bypassed by an operator for adjustments, jam clearing, or cleaning. And lock- out is of no value when verification of equipment de-energization before servicing is not performed. The commit- tee concluded from the OSHA data that the overwhelming cause of fatality, amputation, and crushing injuries in 83 percent of the accident cases was opera- tor error when making equipment adjustments or clearing jams. Accident descriptions commonly identify the circumstances of an operator: bypassing a guard to make adjustments, clearing jams, or cleaning; or contacting moving parts when equipment is in production or startup mode. Ingoing nip points (chains, sprockets, rollers, cylinders, etc.) were the most frequent type of equipment movement involved in accidents investigated. OSHA'S INSPECTION PROCESS The NEP contains detailed instructions for the development of a list of companies that are to be inspected under the program. The master list will initially be prepared by using the most re- cently available Dun & Bradstreet employer list and the identified SIC codes. Area offices will add to the master list any business where amputation injuries or fa- talities related to machinery and equipment have occurred in the past five years. Information for local company additions will be based on accident data and, if available, work- ers' compensation data, OSHA 300 data, NIOSH data, and other reliable sources of information (e.g., reports of amputations from hospital admissions, emergency medical services, fire department and police reports). Inspections initiated under this NEP will be scheduled and conducted in accordance with provisions identified in OSHA's policy for conducting inspections. Once an inspection has been scheduled and assigned for the identified establishment, the Total Number Percentage of Total Incidents Fatality Percentage Amputation Percentage Crushing Percentage Prepress 0 0000 Press 77 41 5 49 21 Postpress 59 31 12 51 12 Warehouse 32 17 34 12 12 Other 22 11 41 0 0 Table 2: Recordable Incidents by Department